When Is Gallbladder Surgery Necessary?

Posted on 2023/07/19 by Laparoscopic Surgical Center of New York

Dealing with health problems can be difficult. This is especially so if you have to decide whether to undergo surgery. One condition that often raises concerns and uncertainty is gallbladder problems. Surgery might be necessary to ease discomfort and prevent further complications.



What Is Gallbladder Surgery?


This procedure, also called cholecystectomy, aims to remove the gallbladder. This is often necessary when the organ creates complications. Common complications include gallstones, inflammation, or functional concerns. 


Open or laparoscopic techniques are both acceptable for performing the surgery. Most people prefer the laparoscopic approach. It relieves symptoms, allowing patients to resume their normal activities with minimal downtime. 


The surgery involves the following steps:


  • Removing the organ

  • Ensuring the surrounding structures are intact

  • Closing the incisions


After surgery, patients may need to make dietary adjustments. Digestion generally remains unaffected as the liver continues to produce bile. Although rare, complications can include bleeding, infection, and bile leakage. Here are situations where surgery may be necessary:



Gallstones and Their Impact



Gallstones are one of the primary reasons why this procedure may be necessary. These small deposits can form in the gallbladder, causing pain and other complications. If they clog the bile ducts, they can cause several symptoms. 


These include excruciating abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and jaundice. They can also cause recurring pain or complications like inflammation or infection. When this happens, surgery may be necessary to remove the organ altogether.



Cholecystitis and Inflammation


Cholecystitis, or gallbladder inflammation, can occur when a gallstone blocks the cystic duct. This blockage prevents bile from flowing properly and results in inflammation. The symptoms may include excruciating stomach pain, discomfort, fever, and nausea. 


Cholecystitis can turn chronic, resulting in recurrent episodes of pain and discomfort. Conservative treatments can fail to provide relief. Complications may also arise. When this happens, surgery may be necessary to remove the inflamed organ.



Biliary Dyskinesia and Functional Problems


Gallstones and inflammation are common reasons for surgery. But functional problems with the organ can also warrant surgical intervention. Biliary dyskinesia causes the gallbladder to contract improperly or not at all. 


This dysfunction can cause persistent pain and digestive issues, even without gallstones. If other treatments fail, surgery may address the underlying issue.



Other Factors Influencing Surgery



The choice to have surgery may depend on several factors besides organ problems. These include the following:


  • Severity and frequency of symptoms

  • Impact on your quality of life

  • The presence of complications

  • Your general health


A thorough doctor's evaluation is crucial in determining the necessity of surgery. The doctor will consider several variables and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each treatment.






Gallbladder surgery may become necessary under certain circumstances. Gallstones, cholecystitis, biliary dyskinesia, and other functional problems are common reasons. Other considerations include the frequency of symptoms and how they affect your life. 


Consult a healthcare professional to help you make informed decisions. Remember that every case is different. So, choosing the best treatment requires a personalized approach.


For more information on gallbladder surgery, visit the Laparoscopic Surgical Center of New York. Our office is in New York, New York. Call (212) 879-6677 to book an appointment today.

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