Crohn’s disease may present multiple challenges even for the most experienced surgeons. It is a challenging clinical entity, both surgically and medically. The condition usually shows in early adulthood. It can lead to lifelong exposure to chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. According to studies, 70 to 90 percent of patients with Crohn’s disease ultimately need surgery.
Despite recent improvements in drug therapy for Crohn’s disease, surgery is still the most effective treatment for its complications. One of the most frequently applied treatments for CD is laparoscopic surgery. This surgical procedure treats this disease by promoting fast recovery and reducing pain.
What Is Crohn’s Disease?
This is a form of inflammatory bowel condition that leads to the inflammation of the digestive tract. The inflammation can affect different areas of the bowel, often spreading into the deeper layers of the digestive tract.
This disease can be both debilitating and painful. It can even lead to potentially deadly complications. Currently, no cure is available for this disease. However, certain therapies and treatments can reduce the symptoms and even lead to the remission and healing of bowel inflammation.
According to the Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America, more than 750,000 Americans have Crohn’s disease. This disease commonly occurs in the colon and small intestines. However, it can affect any part of the digestive tract, from the mouth to the anus. Also, it can affect some parts of the gastrointestinal tract and skin.
Early Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease
Symptoms of this condition usually develop slowly. Over time, certain symptoms tend to worsen. However, it is possible but rare for symptoms to develop dramatically and suddenly. Some of the earliest symptoms can include:
Frequent need for bowel movements.
Loss of appetite.
Blood in the stool.
Symptoms of Severe Crohn’s Disease
Skin, joints, and eye inflammation.
Delayed sexual development or growth in kids.
Inflammation of the bile ducts and liver.
The purpose of laparoscopic surgery is to remove the part of the gastrointestinal tract where inflammation occurs. It is a minimally invasive, low-risk procedure requiring small incisions. Laparoscopic surgery uses an instrument known as a laparoscope. This is a long, thin tube with a high-resolution camera and a high-intensity light at the front.
As it moves along the digestive tract, it sends images to a video monitor. This allows the doctor to see inside the patient’s body in real-time without having to resort to open surgery. The doctor will make a few small incisions in the patient’s abdominal area. He or she will then use small instruments to remove the ulcerated or inflamed tissue. During the procedure, the doctor can also obtain biopsy samples.
Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery
Some of the benefits of laparoscopic surgery include less scarring, reduced blood loss, and reduced trauma to the surrounding tissue. Others are less discomfort and pain, faster recovery time, shorter hospital stay, and minimal risk of infection.
Research is ongoing to find a cure for Crohn’s disease. However, remission is possible. Also, certain therapies can successfully manage symptoms. If you have this condition, your doctor can help you find the right therapies for you.
To learn more about laparoscopic surgery, visit the Laparoscopic Surgical Center of New York at our office in New York, New York. You can call (212) 879-6677 today to schedule an appointment.